Indian Polity Student Corner

The President of India (Articles 52-62)

Part V of the Constitution (The Union) under Chapter I (The Executive) lists out the qualification, election and impeachment of the President of India. The President of India is the head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the formal head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of India and is also the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the […]

Tax Expenditure
Economics Student Corner

Tax Expenditure and Budgetary Policies.

Tax Expenditure corresponds to relaxations given when tax burden becomes difficult for the sustainability of a particular sector.  Tax exemptions or incentives are given in the form of lower rates of tax relative to normal rates. Tax expenditures are revenue losses attributable to tax provisions that often result from the use of the tax system to promote social goals without […]

Fundamental Duties
Indian Polity Student Corner

Fundamental Duties : Part IVA (Article 51A)

Part IVA of Indian Constitution deals with Fundamental Duties. Originally, the Constitution of India did not contain these duties. Fundamental duties were added by 42nd and 86th Constitutional Amendment acts. As of now there are 11 Fundamental duties. Citizens are morally obligated by the Constitution to perform these duties. However, like the Directive Principles, these are non-justifiable, without […]

Medieval India
History Student Corner

Medieval India: Bhaktism, Sufism and Sikhism (NCERT)

We have already posted about the major kingdoms and tribals societies in Medieval India. In this post let’s see in detail the devotional paths followed by people during the medieval period – Bhakitsm, Sufism, and Sikhism. Brahminism vs Buddhism/Jainism vs Devotional Paths (Bhakitsm, Sufism, and Sikhism) Brahminism based on caste-system was prominent during the Medieval period. But there was opposition […]